Essential Equipment Of A Home Recording Studio (2021)

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There are several different ways to set up a home recording studio. This could be very challenging and paralyzing for those new to home recording. However, knowing what basic and the essential equipment you require can make set up a lot easier because the truth is that most people are of the belief that you need a really huge budget to set up a studio.

Well, that’s correct if you are setting up a standard, commercial studio. But then, to configure your decent home studio, you don’t have to break the bank. You do not have to get frustrated or confused about the things you need to get started.

This article will highlight the basic and essential things you require and some of these things you already have. With the following items below, you can setup a simple home studio for anyone new to home recording.

  • A decent computer
  • DAW (digital audio workstation)
  • Audio interface
  • Quality Microphone(s)
  • Studio monitor speakers
  • Cables
  • Headphones
  • Pop filter
  • Mic stand

1. A decent computer

computer

You probably already own a computer. But if you are thinking of getting a separate computer from your personal one, then you can pick from these options:

Mac, PC desktop or laptop; anyone is good, it’s all about choice. The most important thing is to go for that one you find more convenient and feel more comfortable working with. You should try to get as much RAM as possible because this will definitely make recording much easier and faster.

2. DAW (digital audio workstation)

DAW

This is a program/software used for recording, editing, and sometimes mixing and mastering music on your computer. There are so many options you can pick from like; audition, sonar, Cubase, reason, pro tools, studio one, etc. just get one you can afford and supports your computer.

3. A good audio interface

audio interface

This is the device that helps you connect your computer to other equipment like your guitar, microphone, keyboard, etc. Most DAW is compatible with any type of audio interface so just settle for one that is reasonably priced, preferably two-channel interfaces. Some of these audio interfaces include; M-audio M-track plus II, universal audio Apollo twin, PreSonus audiobox, apogee ONE, Mackie onyx blackjack and more.

4. Quality Microphone(s)

microphone

Microphones are very important but for a start, you only need one or two mics and as time goes on you may decide to purchase more mics for specific purposes. For vocal recording, you may want to go for the classic large diaphragm condenser vocal microphone but then, you really do not have to spend more than $100 on a mic.

5. Studio monitor speakers

Studio monitor speakers

To hear the sound of your recordings, you need a pair of good quality monitor speakers. Despite the fact that most people now use the headphones for this purpose, studio monitor speakers still deliver flatter frequency responses that provide a greater neutral sound that helps judge your mix objectively.

There are several high-quality studio monitors out there but then, you should get one that is affordable. Do not buy more than you need.

6. Cables

Cables

At a certain point, your studio will require so many XLR cables but for a start, you will only need three; “two short XLR cables for your studio monitors” and “one long XLR cable for your microphone”.

Make sure your audio interface has XLR connectors before you purchase your studio monitor cables. If your audio interface uses a TRS cable, then you will have to get the right cables suitable. Good quality microphone cables can be quite expensive but you can always find good ones that fall in a reasonable price range.

7. Headphone

Headphone

You can record and listen to your mixes on your headphones. At times it can be a little challenging but it can be done. As a matter of fact, some people find it more convenient than monitors. You can start with the headphones until you can afford the studio monitors.

There are two designs of headphone considered to be standard for studio purposes

  • The open-back headphones used for mixing – this gives you excellent sound quality at the expense of reduced isolation.
  • The closed-back headphones for tracking – this gives you excellent isolation at the expense of reduced sound quality.

For those new to home recording, the closed-back headphones are really necessary.

8. Pop filter

Pop filter

The pop filter filters out unpleasant vocal sounds called “popping”. It occurs when the “B” and “P” sounds are pronounced. This is also a necessity for your studio and they are quite cheap.

9. Mic stand

Mic stand

A quality mic stand is one gadget you cannot afford to overlook for your new home studio. The qualities of mic stands vary with their prices. A solid mic stand can be a little expensive but if you are on a tight budget, you can always go for a cheap, reliable mic stand.

If you get these components, you will have a decent and functional home studio. You will also have all the professional equipment you need to create great sounds. Take your time to learn and master this equipment and you will see great results in no time.

Bestseller No. 1
Home Recording For Musicians For Dummies (For Dummies Series)
  • 5th Edition Series: Book Publisher: Wiley Format: Softcover Author: Jeff Strong Inventory #HL 00143843 ISBN: 9781118968017 UPC: 888680059682 Width: 7.25" Length: 9.25" 384 pages
  • With expert guidance every step of the way, you'll find the answers to your questions about choosing equipment, recording tracks, editing, mixing, mastering, and more
  • Updated to reflect the latest home recording technology, this new edition addresses styles from live bands to electronica with easy navigation to the information you need most
  • Beginners will find straightforward instruction on the fundamentals, while more experienced home recording engineers will appreciate insight to the tricks the pros use
  • Strong, Jeff (Author)
Bestseller No. 2
Presonus AudioBox 96 Audio Interface (May Vary Blue or Black) Full Studio Bundle with Studio One...
  • Get everything you need in one box, and start recording straight away
  • Zero-latency monitoring via internal analog mixer
  • Studio One Artist is a feature-packed DAW, perfect for recording, mixing, and sharing your music
  • Studio-quality design, sound and performance ideal for multimedia creation and entertainment
  • CR monitors deliver a combination of high-quality components and professional build quality typically only found on more expensive studio monitors. But, they are affordable and ultra-compact.
Bestseller No. 3
PreSonus Studio 24c 2x2 USB Type-C Audio/MIDI Interface w/Eris 3.5 Pair Studio Monitors and 1/4”...
  • Get everything you need in one box, and start recording straight away
  • Usb-c bus-powered, 2x2 audio interface with MIDI for macOS and Windows
  • 2 balanced ¼” TRS main outputs with front-panel level control
  • Step up to serious, 2-way professional studio monitors with Eris
  • LyxPro Studio-Grade Mesh Microphone Pop Filter Improves Vocal Recording Quality & Eliminates Harsh Plosive Sounds
Bestseller No. 4
Mackie Onyx Producer 2-2 Audio/Midi interface With Pro Tools First/Tracktion Music Production...
  • Boutique-quality Onyx mic preamp with class-leading fidelity and dynamic range
  • Zero-latency direct analog monitoring of inputs
  • Dedicated 1/4" TRS outputs for connecting studio monitors
  • High-resolution 2 in x 2 out 24-Bit/192kHz recording
  • Waveform OEM Music Production Software included
SaleBestseller No. 5
4-Channel Bluetooth Studio Audio Mixer - DJ Sound Controller Interface with USB Drive for PC...
  • RECORD AND CONNECT TO PC: This personal mixer has a USB soundcard and audio interface to record and connect to MAC or PC and it has universal digital audio file compatibility. Can be used by beginners or studio professional applications
  • BLUETOOTH: This portable 4-channel DJ sound controller has Bluetooth for wireless streaming and use it as an input to mix signal with other input channels. It works with iPhone, Android, iPad, Tablet and MP3 Player. The wireless range is 15 ft
  • 4-CHANNEL MIXER: The device caters multiple device connectivity because it has 4 channels. It has 2 1/4’’ (L/R) main outputs, 2 XLR/14’’ combo audio line or microphone inputs, 1/4’’ Mono + Stereo Inputs, 1/4’’ Send + Return Inputs and 1/4’’ headphone jack
  • LED INDICATOR LIGHTS: The recording mixer has LED indicator lights and rotary adjustment knobs for user convenience. It has input selection, master volume controls, independent channel balance and high, plus, low frequency adjustment
  • +48V PHANTOM POWER: For reliable power source, this DJ mixer comes with a +48V Phantom power supply. Includes a 3=pin power adapter cable and the stereo output level meter is 12-Segment (-30, -20, -10, -7, -4, -2, 0, +2, +4, +7, +10, CLIP)

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